The Scottish Government remain well on track to achieve a 42 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020. Scotland is outperforming the UK as a whole and most western European nations. Only Sweden and Finland have achieved greater cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.
We have introduced a Climate Change Bill to set more ambitious targets to reduce carbon emissions and make sure Scotland plays its full part in efforts to limit global temperature rise to well below 2˚C above pre-industrial levels. The 90 per cent reduction target for all greenhouse gases set out in the Climate Change Bill means achieving net-zero carbon dioxide by 2050. In other words, Scotland will be carbon neutral.
We will build on our work to create a cleaner, greener Scotland with new Low Emission Zones in our four biggest cities to improve quality of life and contribute to the international campaign to reverse global warming. The first Low Emissions Zone came into effect in Glasgow at the end of last year.
The Scottish Government aim to phase out new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2032 – eight years ahead of the target set by the UK government. This will be delivered by electrifying the road network and doubling investment in Active Travel to £80 million per year from next year.
The Scottish Government has committed £60 million to the Innovation Fund to support the delivery of innovative low carbon energy infrastructure projects, such as electric vehicle charging or sustainable heating systems.
We have also exceeded our target of producing 50 per cent of electricity from renewables by 2015. We will now go further. By 2030 we expect to have wholly decarbonised the electricity sector, through increased use of renewables and technologies that remove carbon from the atmosphere.
In 2012 Scotland established the world’s first Climate Justice Fund, seeking to mitigate the damage caused by climate change on the world’s poorest communities. By 2021, £21 million will have been distributed through the Fund, which is now supporting 11 projects in Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Rwanda.